When substituting honey for granulated sugar in recipes:
Substituting honey for up to half of the sugar called for in the recipe.
Reduce the oven temperature by 25°F to prevent over-browning;
Reduce any liquid called for by 1/4 cup for each cup of honey used
Add 1/2 teaspoon baking soda for each cup of honey used.
Because of its high fructose content, honey has higher sweetening power than sugar. This means you can use less honey than sugar to achieve the desired sweetness.
What are the Benefits and uses for honey?
Honey has been around since the dawn of recorded history about 8,000 years ago. It was used for medical purposes: to prevent and kill infection, to balance and repair gut and liver issues. And as a powerful ingredient in both skin and hair treatments.
Honey is an incredible food. I have personal experience with how honey helps me feel better, but I'm not a medical professional so I have included some links from the National Honey Board's Website
Detailed Nutritional information
Helpful uses for honey
Natural Energy Booster
What are ways honey is Processed?
Raw honeyis unprocessed so it can have visible bits of wax, pollen, and even bee legs or other body parts.
Filtered honeyhas been gently warmed enough for it to be filtered which takes out the visible debris but does not change the honey
Crystalized Honeyis raw or filtered honey that has been left until natural crystals form and attach to each other until it forms a solid block. the texture can be gritty, but this honey is not "frozen" or "off" with a gentle warming this honey can become liquid again.
Creamed Honey is similar to crystalized honey but the crystals that form are much smaller and smooth, and the honey is not liquid, but is easier to spread on your toast or spoon into your tea or coffee. Only low heat is used, so the honey is still in its healthy natural form.
Pasteurized Honey goes through a heating and cooling process intended to slow down the crystallization process to stay liquid longer. This process ends up killing off some of the beneficial properties and specifically pollen content. It has been believed to render the honey without nutritional contents, but there has been research suggesting that this is no longer accurate. I will keep researching and let you know.
No matter the form your honey takes it will still never go bad. As long as the moisture content remains below 17.8% it is not able to grow bacteria or yeast. Keep your honey in a sealed container and it will remain edible.
Ways to use honey
I am making some recipes for our line of flavoured honey, but for now here are some ideas and some links to some interesting ways to use honey
Add to hot water or tea
Spread on Toast or drizzle on oatmeal or pie
Take by the spoonful for a sore throat or cough
Put a small amount on cuts and burns to keep out bacteria and help with healing
Facemask for most skin types
How do honey bees survive the brutal Alberta winter?
Honey bees work all year to make food and build the number of bees that make up their colony. When winter comes and they can not survive outside, they remain in their hive eating their food stores and working together to keep the core temperature of the hive around 30 balmy degrees Celsius. Bees can create heat by shaking their bodies, and when there are 20,000-120,000 bees working on this together, everyone is happy and warm. As long as they have an insulated home that has good ventilation they will emerge when the weather warms to begin the hard work of summer.
What can I put in my garden to help the bees?
Bees need to look for nectar, pollen, and water. The only sources of nectar and pollen are flowers, usually brightly coloured flowers are most attractive to our bee friends.
I know this isn't what you want to hear, but dandelions are a bee favorite. If you can just let them grow with no herbicide you will be allowing bees of all varieties a food source before other most other flowers are ready to flower.
The best thing is to plant flowers that will bloom at different times in the growing season so there is always a crop of food for them.
Bees also look for water, during hot days if you have a leaky water spout or an open rain barrel you may find bees drinking from it. If they are in an inconvenient place you can add a bee bath in a quiet corner of your yard. Any bowl or pail will work but you should add some grass, or pieces of wood to float on top so the bees can rest near enough to drink without getting waterlogged and drowning.